Your New Puppy: What You Need to Know About Canine Enteric Coronavirus

Vaccine Facts

Should your puppy be vaccinated for canine coronavirus? The American Animal Hospital Association does not consider it a core vaccine, meaning it's not one that every puppy should receive. That’s because the vaccines currently available aren’t fully effective. They can reduce but not eliminate intestinal shedding of the virus, and it is unknown if they are effective against pantropic strains. And according to the UC-Davis recommendations, when puppies are infected with both CCoV and canine parvovirus, it’s CPV that is the “big bad.” Vaccination against CPV — which is a core vaccine — should be most helpful in protecting the puppy from clinical signs.

Consider, too, that it’s unlikely that a young puppy will encounter the crowded conditions that spawn the spread of the disease. Your new puppy is too young, we hope, to be going to a boarding kennel, shelter or dog park.

If your puppy does develop CCoV-related gastroenteritis, the primary treatment is supportive care. That involves administration of fluids and electrolytes to help him stay hydrated and possibly other medications for secondary infections. Ideally, he should be back to his happy puppy self in 10 days or less.

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